Oxandrolone is an artificial steroid which is analogous to the natural steroid, testosterone. Oxandrolone is an anabolic steroid that enhances muscle tissue growth and helps in weight gain. However, the drug does not improve the athlete’s performance. The drug can rarely cause certain serious and fatal side effects on liver. It is one of the safest drugs for both men and women.
Oxandrolone tablets prevent the release of testosterone hormone by preventing the luteinizing hormone release from pituitary gland. It promotes the growth of body tissues. It also enhances the production of hemoglobin and red blood cell volume.
Oxandrolone is available in the form of oral tablets, pills, capsules and injections. Tablets of oxandrolone are available in two strengths, 5 mg and 10 mg.
Oxandrolone tablets are prescribed only for a few weeks. The drug should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. The therapy lasts for 2-4 weeks usually.
For weight gain in adults: Usual dose is 2.5 to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times daily.
For weight gain in elderly: Usual dose is 5 mg, 2 times daily.
For liver damage in adults: Usual dose is 2.5 to 10 mg, 2 to 4 times daily.
However, the dose can range from 2.5 to 20 mg per day.
For bone pain in adults: Usual dose is 2.5 to 20 mg, 2 to 4 times daily.
For weight gain in children: Usual dose is ≤0.1mg/kg/day.
For bone pain in children: Usual dose is ≤0.1mg/kg/day.
The following side effects of oxandrolone tablets need immediate medical help: allergic reactions such as swelling of face, lips, tongue, and throat
A doctor should be consulted if the below side effects occur:
Females taking oxandrolone tablets may develop male characteristics which can be reversed with testosterone. However, testosterone should be discontinued immediately, and the doctor should be consulted if the following side effects occur: acne, menstrual irregularities, male-pattern hair growth, enlarged clitoris, hoarse voice.
Other side effects which can occur commonly with oxandrolone tablets include:
Overdose: There are no specific symptoms of the overdose with oxandrolone. The doctor should be consulted immediately, if overdose is suspected with the drug. Gastric lavage can be helpful for treating overdose with oxandrolone tablets.
Missed dose: The medicine should be taken at regular intervals every day. If the regular dose is missed, it should be taken immediately as possible. However, if it almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped to avoid a double dose.
Pregnant women: The drug can harm the unborn baby and cause birth defects. Thus, it should be avoided during pregnancy. During the use of these tablets, effective birth control is recommended.
Breastfeeding women: Breastfeeding is to be avoided as it is not sure if oxandrolone enters the breast milk or harm the nursing baby.
Elderly: There is an increased risk of enlargement of prostate gland or prostate cancer in older men. Thus, older men should talk to their doctors, to understand the individual risks.